Tiffany Tubman and Amoun Jamilu Mahmoud
August 21, 2017
The U.S. government is long overdue in paying reparations to the Black people of America and or Africans in America that are the direct descendants of slaves currently being held as POWs, for the harmful, damaging, long lasting results of racism / white supremacy that have impacted our community financially, emotionally, and psychologically for decades post the partial abolition of slavery in the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution.
For centuries, this nation’s “Government of, by and for the people” did not include the Black race of Africans in America. To present day, the slogan “justice for all” found in the pledge of allegiance and various other court documents has proven itself to be untrue for all Melanoid people currently in America.
Without government support, neither Slavery nor Jim Crow Segregation could have long endured. These practices have been empowered and emboldened by the global system of white supremacy. All of these factors have contributed to the inappropriate distribution of resources, wealth, and power to rest predominantly in white communities with the white members of America.
The economy we have today was built on nearly 400 years of legal chattel slavery and black oppression. England/America brought over kidnapped / stolen Africans to America as Free labor which is illegal, where America extracted wealth from the lives of enslaved Africans in Americans. Blacks now in America have historically accounted for 13% of America’s total population. This continues to be true today according to the US Census Bureau.
After the civil war, institutional injustices through the system of white supremacy focused on stealing our land and jobs and ensuring that African Americans did not build wealth as fast as the rest of Americans. Any community we had for economic/cultural empowerment (Rosewood, Black Wallstreet) were burned down to the ground and destroyed by white Americans.
Furthermore, an example of Government help refining racism / white supremacy is the result of the Bill Clinton administration’s legislative policies and Hillary Clinton infamous speech, (clip): ‘They (thugs / Blacks / Africans), are super predators and need to be brought to heel’ led to higher imprisonment rates or the refinement of Jim Crow / Slavery.
High imprisonment rates of Melanoid people have been documented at 70% of the total prison population, while Black people only make up 12% of the total American population as of 2010 as the result of such racist / white supremacist oriented policies.
In contrast 62% of the American population is White (non-Hispanic) and 17% White (Hispanic) for a total of 79% and while 70% of those White people are arrested only about 35% go to are punished with sentencing to include probation.
White on white crime statistics have been erased from any narrative and are a mystery to the average American while Black on Black crime statistics, (the result of Racism / White Supremacy and or deceptive statistics), are the main stream American narrative.
The government has apologized to all other groups to whom it has committed offenses and provided reparations to those groups except Black / African people.
Throughout Americas history, Black people have borne the burden of every obligation this nation has had since 1619. Black people did not confiscate nearly 2 billion acres of land from Native Americans. White people did. However, for more than four centuries, Black people in America paid taxes and their lifeblood so that White people who did confiscate the land could develop and enjoy the benefit and reap the profits of it.
Money out of Black Americans pockets supported a Federal Native / Indian Bureau and State Commissions that gave Natives / Indians benefits, (Including $5 fake White people impersonating Indians), that Black people in America never received.
Black people in America did not start WWII, but money from Black people in America’s pockets made up the $13 billion that rebuilt Germany under the Marshall Plan and as well as Japan under the Point Four Plan. Black people America did not intern Japanese in America during the 1940s but helped to pay $22,000 in reparations awarded to each descendant in 1992.
The U.S. government, that Black people in America pay taxes to, has given reparations to every other group except Blacks in America! The first reparations were given to white Americans in the form of the English Poor Laws in 1601. The English Poor Laws were then revised in 1834 and a second distribution to White Americans was granted. Thus yielding two forms of reparations granted to the same group for the same purpose, to benefit White Irish, Italians and English (England enslaved it’s own people) Americans that were originally enslaved.
History of Reparations Payment
|Year Paid||Country||Amount||Ethnic/Racial Group Paid|
|1995||USA||$2 Million||Surviving Blacks in Rosewood Massacre of 1923|
|1990||USA||$1.6 Billion or 20K each||Japanese American|
|1990||AUSTRIA||$25 Million to Holocaust Survivors||Jewish Claims of Austria|
|1988||CANADA||250,000 sq. miles of land||Indian & Eskimos|
|1988||CANADA||$230 Million||Japanese Canadians|
|1986||USA||$32 Million from 1839 Treaty||Ottawa’s of Michigan|
|1985||USA||$31 Million||Chippewa’s of Wisconsin|
|1985||USA||$12.3 Million||Seminoles of Florida|
|1985||USA||$105 Million||Sioux of South Dakota|
|1980||USA||$81 Million||Klamath’s of Oregon|
|1971||USA||$1 Billion+44 Million Acres of Land||Alaska Natives Land Settlement|
|1952||GERMANY||$822 Million to Holocaust Survivors||German Jewish Settlement|
|1865-Present||USA||$0 Slavery & Jim Crow Era & Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome||African American Black Decedents|
Information extracted from: Source
Real racial Justice for Blacks in America does not have to begin with an apology. As it is meaningless without policy changes, action plans and delivery of the reparation / compensation.
An acknowledgment from the government that millions of Blacks in America were wrongfully used and killed as a result of racism / white supremacy is a start.
Economic justice and reparations in the form of compensation is the constructive / productive result that must naturally follow the race discussion, policy changes and action plan.
The financial compensation model:
The value of the stolen labor, for the period 1790 to 1860, at today’s US minimum wage of $7.25 per hour is as follows. (Note that using today’s minimum wage automatically corrects for valuing the historic currency to its present value.)
70 years (1790 to 1860 period only)
2 million slaves (average number in the period used)
365 days per year
10 hours of work per day (at a minimum)
$7.25 per hour
$ 3.7 trillion
Next, we apply the 2% interest rate (compounded annually). This gives a multiplicative factor of (1.02)^140 = 22.4, for the 157 years from 1860 to 2017. Further compounding could be applied to bring us to the present. (Again, this is a minimum estimate.)
Compounding to 2017, therefore, gives:
$ 3.7 trillion
$ 82.88 trillion
The latter one-time payment would be easy for the USA to make, since its annual GDP is $15 trillion. (Think of a wealthy person’s annual salary relative to buying a house in a safe neighborhood.) The USA would not even need to sell any assets to achieve this modest payment.
For the 40 million Black slave descendants in the US today, the calculated reparation means that US white society owes each and every Black slave descendant a MINIMUM payment of $2.2 million, which is long overdue.
The policy changes and action plan in addition to monetary compensation should include:
- Wholesome Housing for Generations without threat of imminent domain
- Useful, Constructive Education with No Debt resulting
- Health Care from Birth to Death
- Useful Transportation and Maintenance Free
It’s not just about the erasure of Confederate Statues / Symbols of racism / white supremacy. It’s about the repair, the reparations / compensation for the abuse and death that resulted from racism / white supremacy and the end to the POW/political prisoner model that the United States has long ago implemented for Blacks in the United States since Jim Crow ended.
Replace the system of racism / white supremacy NOW with a System of Justice along with forwarding the reparations / compensation to the Blacks in America that are the descendants of enslaved men and women from Africa.
JUSTICE guarantees that NO person is mistreated and that ANY person who needs HELP the MOST, gets the most CONSTRUCTIVE HELP. Justice is better than Racism / White Supremacy.
The debate regarding Civil War Monuments is irrelevant. All conversations need to be focused on long term correction of the core of these racist policies with the solution being reparations.
Strategically, this is our best chance to start pushing our agenda for reparations. http://www.ncobraonline.org/press-release-28th-annual-national-coalition-blacks-reparations-america-convention-dallas/
Questions/Comments and to get involved with the grassroots push for Reparations please contact Tiffany Tubman (Twitter: @montswife16 and Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Tiffany and Mahmoud